Implants that fail completely will be permanently movable. Other signs of a dental implant that has lost osseointegration include pain, swelling, and infection, but this is not always the case. Radiographs of failed implants usually show bone loss around the implant.
Osseointegration is a biological process that allows dental implants to function properly by creating bone cells around the surface of the implant, surrounding it, and fixing it to the jawbone. If osseointegration does not proceed properly, it can cause problems and lead to dental implant failure after placement of the dental implant.
When dental implant goes wrong?
Mobility is often the first sign of implant failure. This occurs because the bone around the implant is not growing properly. Initially, the dentist will notice very little movement, but over time, the unintegrated implant will feel wobbling and may move when chewing or talking. Implants that fail completely will be permanently movable.
Other signs of lost osseointegration include pain, swelling, and infection, but this is not always the case. Radiographs of failed implants usually show bone loss around the implant. Therefore, if the implant is found to be mobile, x-rays are taken to examine bone growth.
The success of implant procedures depends on many factors, but certain habits and medical conditions can increase the risk of wobbling implants. Periodontal disease and bruxism can damage the healing implant, but diseases that impair bone strength and density, such as osteoporosis, can make it difficult to secure the implant’s screws. there is. Because radiation therapy can interfere with the healing ability of the bone, ongoing cancer treatment may also be a reason to suspend the implant.
Depending on the drug, there is also a risk of implant failure. According to the University of Buffalo, compounds of antidepressants that affect bone metabolism can cause osseointegration problems in people taking these drugs.
Smoking can increase the risk of dental implant failure, depending on where the implant is located in the mouth.
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Peri-implantitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the gingival tissue and bone around the dental implant, resulting in the loss of surrounding supporting bone. Often, you are unaware that this is happening and it is important to seek treatment for the condition when it is detected.
Symptoms of peri-implantitis may vary in type and severity. Some symptoms include redness, inflammation, bleeding of surrounding gingival tissue, deepening of the periodontal pocket around the implant, exposure and visibility of the underlying implant thread, loosening of the implant itself, and possible discharge around the implant. And so on. In more severe infections, the lymph nodes in the neck may also swell.The most common cause of peri-implantitis is the accumulation of tartar at the implant site. It carries toxin-releasing bacteria that cause inflammation of the surrounding gingival tissue and ultimately lead to tissue and bone loss. There are other possible causes that may apply depending on the situation.
If left untreated, infection and bone loss will progress and the implant will become unresponsive to treatment, which can lead to implant loss. Treatment options are available that seek to stop the disease from progressing and repair the injury if addressed early enough. It is important to work closely with a physician who has experience in treating this condition to determine the best option with the highest potential for success.
Failed dental implants can be easily removed with local anesthesia. If the implant needs to be replaced, remove the implant and gently clean the area. Bone grafting is not necessary if the bone around the removed implant is intact. For bone loss, bone grafts can be used to improve the implant replacement site. It may take several months for the bone graft to heal before placing a new implant. During healing, discuss ways to reduce the risk factors that lead to implant failure, such as: Waiting for smoking cessation or cancer treatment to be completed.